Self-Realization through Yoga Meditation of the Yoga Sutras, the contemplative insight of Advaita Vedanta, and the intense devotion of Samaya Sri Vidya Tantra

 

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali - Raja Yoga - Ashtanga Yoga

Yoga Sutras Chapter 1
Concentration
Samadhi Pada

Yoga Sutras Chapter 2
Practice
Sadhana Pada

Yoga Sutras Chapter 3
Progressing
Vibhuti Pada

Yoga Sutras Chapter 4
Liberation
Kaivalya Pada

(roll over and click)
What is Yoga? 
1: Now, after previous preparation, begins yoga
2: Yoga is the mastery and integration of the activities of mind
3: Then the seer, the Self rests in its true nature
4: At other times, it is identified with subtle thoughts

Un-coloring your thoughts
5-6: Witnessing 5 kinds of thoughts that are either colored or not-colored
7: Three ways to obtain correct knowledge
8-11: Incorrect knowledge, imagination, sleep, memory

Practice and non-attachment
12: How to master thoughts
13: Meaning of practice
14: How to make practice firm
15-16: Non-attachment and supreme non-attachment

Types of concentration
17: Four levels of concentration
18: Objectless concentration is next

Efforts and commitment
19-20: Five types of effort needed
21-22: Choosing one of nine levels of practice

Direct route through AUM
23-29: Contemplation on AUM

Obstacles and solutions
30-31: Obstacles on the journey
32: Use one-pointedness for the obstacles

Stabilizing and clearing the mind
33: Four attitudes to cultivate towards other people
34-38: Five concentrations for stabilizing the mind
39: Or, concentration on whatever is pleasant and useful

After stabilizing the mind  
40: Ability to focus on infinitely small and large is sign of stability
41: Mind becomes clear, like a transparent crystal
42-46: Types of engrossment with concentration
47-49: Gaining knowledge filled with higher truth
50: Samadhi leaves latent impressions that oppose formation of others
51: Then comes objectless samadhi

(roll over and click)
Minimizing gross coloring
1-2: Kriya yoga reduces colored thoughts by three methods
3: Five kinds of coloring
4: Four stages of coloring
5: Four types of ignorance
6-9: Colorings of I-ness, attraction, aversion, and fear

Dealing with subtle thoughts
10: Once thoughts are subtle, they are eliminated by dissolution of mind
11: When there remains slight coloring of thoughts, it is neutralized by meditation

Breaking the alliance of karma
12-14: Nature of latent impressions
15: A wise one sees even pleasure as painful
16: Pain yet to come is to be avoided
17: Uniting seer and seen is the cause of the pain to be avoided
18-22: Nature of those objects
23-24: Eliminating the alliance with avidya or ignorance, which is the underlying problem
25: By reducing this avidya, ignorance, freedom naturally ensues

The 8 rungs and discrimination
26-27: Discrimination is the central key to enlightenment
28: 8 rungs of Yoga are the tool for discrimination
29: 8 rungs of Yoga are listed

Yamas & Niyamas, #1-2
30-31: The 5 Yamas, rung #1
32: The 5 Niyamas, rung #2
33: When negative, remind yourself this brings misery and ignorance
34: Negativity is 27 types

Benefits from Yamas & Niyamas
35-39: Benefits from the 5 Yamas
40-45: Benefits from the 5 Niyamas

Asana, #3 of 8 rungs
46-48: Meditation posture, Asana, is attained by attention on the infinite

Pranayama, #4 of 8 rungs
49-50: Three aspects of breath
51: Fourth pranayama is beyond these
52-53: This thins the veil of karma over the light

Pratyahara, #5 of 8 rungs
54: The senses and actions return back into the mind
55: Then there is less tendency of the mind towards objects

(roll over and click)
Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi, #6, #7, #8 of 8 rungs
1: Dharana or concentration is #6
2: Dhyana or meditation, #7, comes from repeated concentration
3: Samadhi, #8, comes from deep absorption

Samyama is the finer tool
4: Dharana, dhyana, and samadhi together are Samyama
5: Mastery of Samyama brings the light of knowledge
6: Apply Samyama to finer planes, states, or stages

Internal is seen to be external
7: These 3 rungs are more intimate and internal than the first 5
8: Even these 3 are external compared to seedless Samadhi

Witnessing subtle transitions
9-16: Samyama is done on 3 extremely subtle thought transitions

Experiences from Samyama
17: Three aspects of an object
18: Samyama on samskaras
19-20: On ideas from others
21-22: On physical form and senses
23: On karma foretells death
24-25: On attitudes and strength
26-35: On inner subtleties
36-37: On pure consciousness

What to do with experiences
38: They are both attainments and obstacles

More from Samyama
39: Passage to another body
40-41: Samyama on pranas
42-43: On space, hearing, and body
44: On thought projections
45-47: On the five elements
48-49: On senses and actions

Renunciation and liberation
50: Discernment of Buddhi and Purusha brings mastery over all
51: Non-attachment to forms and omniscience destroys seeds
52: Decline invitations of celestials

Higher discrimination
53: Moments and succession
54: Discriminating similar objects
55: Higher knowledge is intuitive and born from discrimination
56: Equality between Buddhi and Purusha brings liberation

(roll over and click)
Means of attaining experience
1: Five means of subtler attainment
2: Transitions involve filling in
3: Removal of obstacles brings results

Emergence and mastery of mind
4-6: Construct and use of mind

Actions and karma
7: Kinds of actions
8: Subconscious manifests

Subconscious impressions
9: Memory and latent impressions
10: Desire for self preservation
11: Disappearance of cause, motive, and substratum
12: Past and future are present in fundamental form

Objects and the 3 gunas
13: Characteristics made of gunas
14: Objects appear as a unit

Mind perceiving objects
15: Separate minds and paths
16: Object is not dependent on one mind
17: Objects known by coloring

Illumination of the mind
18: Thoughts are known by purusha
19: Mind not self illuminating
20: Mind and objects cannot be cognized simultaneously
21: One mind does not illumine another

Buddhi and liberation
22: Consciousness and buddhi
23-24: Seer and mind
25: Inquiries about self cease
26: Discrimination and liberation

Breaches in enlightenment
27: Breaks in enlightenment allow colorings to arise
28: Colorings are dealt with as before

Perpetual enlightenment
29: Rain cloud of virtues comes
30: Actions and colorings are removed

Knowables become few
31: There is little to know

Gunas after liberation
32: Succession of change ends
33: Succession defined
34: Gunas resolve into their cause

 

 


 

 

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali - Raja Yoga - Ashtanga Yoga:

Purpose: The goal of this rendition of the Yoga Sutras is to make the principles and practices of the Yoga Sutras more understandable and accessible. The descriptions attempt to focus on the practical suggestions of what to do to regulate the mind, so as to attain direct experience beyond the mind. The intent is to explain, not to proffer some new system or school of Yoga. Hyperlinks are used extensively, allowing you to easily move around among the many sutras, principles and practices. This collection of web pages on the Yoga Sutra is being routinely revised and improved.

Six ways to review: Here are six ways to review these web pages on the Yoga Sutra:

  1. Summary page: On the Summary page (the page you are now reading) you can click on the individual sutras that draw your attention. This will take you to more detail on the sutras (To print the Summary page, it is better to reduce the View size in the browser, and to print in Landscape view; then tape the pages together.)

  2. Chapter overviews: Go through the brief overviews of each of the four chapters, beginning with Chapter 1. Then, click through the links to each of the other Chapter overviews.

  3. Section reviews: The 196 sutras have been divided into 39 sections (in this website). Each section has a few paragraphs that describe that section. Start with the first section, read those few paragraphs (not reading the individual sutras), and then click on Next section at the top of the page. This will take you to the next section.

  4. Review all sutras: There is also running list of all 196 sutras, which can read in its entirety in a few minutes. Each sutra in this list has a link to the complete description of the sutra.

  5. Questions: There is a page of Reminder Questions, along with a link to the sutra that answers the question.

  6. Narrative: The narrative version presents the Yoga Sutras in paragraph format, which might be a more familiar way to learn.

Commentaries: It's useful to have several different commentaries close at hand so as to get greater depth and a variety of perspectives when exploring a particular sutra.

Downloads: There are also Downloads on the Yoga Sutras, including interpretive translation with transliterated Sanskrit and word-for-word translations, a narrative summary of the interpretive translation, study questions, and a two-page summary of all sutras (which can be printed and taped together to make it a one-page summary).

What are the Yoga Sutras?: The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali succinctly outlines the art and science of Yoga meditation for Self-Realization. It is a process of systematically encountering, examining, and transcending each of the various gross and subtle levels of false identity in the mind field, until the jewel of the true Self comes shining through.

When Patanjali codified, or compiled the Yoga Sutras, it was not that a new system was created, but rather, the ancient practices were summarized in an extremely organized and terse way. While the Yoga Sutras are thought to be as old as 400 BCE, archaeological evidence and other texts suggest that the methods described in the Yoga Sutras were being practiced as early as 3000 BCE. Oral tradition states that the period may be even longer.

Yoga means union & sutra means thread: Yoga means union of the parts of ourselves, which were never divided in the first place. Yoga literally means to yoke, from the foot yuj, which means to join; it is the same as the absorption in the state of samadhi. Sutra means thread, and this thread, or multiple threads weave a tapestry of insight and direct experience. Some say that the name of the text uses the word sutra in its plural form, as Yoga Sutras, in that each of the sutras, or threads, comes together to form a complete tapestry. Others say that it is used in its singular form, as Yoga Sutra, in that there is one, consistent thread that flows through the entire text. Both views add a useful perspective to the process being described.  In the writings on this website, both terms are intentionally used.

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Practical journey through the Yoga Sutras. Click on the individual links in the picture.

Regulating your own mind: Swami Rama explains, "There have been many scholarly commentaries on the Yoga Sutras, but all the commentaries miss something very practical. Such commentaries can only satisfy the intellect, but do not actually help you beyond that: 'yogash chitta vritti narodha'--yoga is the control of the 'modifications' of the mind [1.2]. Narodha means control; there is no other English word for it. Control doesn't mean suppression, but channeling or regulating."

Other names: The Yoga Sutras is also referred to as Raja Yoga, the Royal Yoga. Some call it Kriya Yoga, drawing on the use of the word from Chapter 2 (2.1). Others refer to it as Ashtanga Yoga (Ashta = eight; anga = rungs), which is the eight-fold path of Yoga, including yamas, niyamas, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, and samadhi, which begin with Sutra 28 of Chapter 2 (2.28) (Note that this does not refer to the popularized physical yoga that has chosen to use the same name, Ashtanga Yoga, for their practices).

Yoga and Sankhya philosophies: The process of realization through Yoga rests on the discovery of pure consciousness (purusha) as separate from all the many false identities, which are considered to be evolutes of primal matter (prakriti). These principles of purusha and prakriti are part of the philosophical system known as Sankhya. Yoga and Sankhya are two of the six systems of Indian philosophy. See also these articles:

Interpretive translation: The translations on both the summary page of the Yoga Sutras and the page listing all 196 sutras of the Yoga Sutras here are interpretive, providing expanded translations (some renditions are divided into 194-200 sutras). For example, sutra 1.2 defines Yoga with some 25 English words, rather than only 4 Sanskrit words. The practices of the Yoga Sutras are extremely practical, though it can seem quite complicated when trying to sort through the language. By providing expanded, interpretive translations, the practical meaning of the suggestions more easily comes through.

About the Icons: From the main page on the Yoga Sutras (the page that you are now viewing), there are links to 39 clusters of sutras. Each of those pages has an icon such as the one on the left. The reason for these is that the mind can remember information much more easily when there is a visual component. This icon allows you to "see" where a particular topic is located in the four chapters of the Yoga Sutras. The example at the left is Yoga Sutras 2.12-2.25, which is on Breaking the Alliance with Karma. Now that you "see" this, you might more easily remember that these sutras on karma are close to the middle of column 2, which is Chapter 2. Then, at some later time, when you want to read the part about Karma, you may remember to go to the main page, scroll to that location in column 2, and click on that topic. It might also help you to simply recall that Karma is discussed around the middle of Chapter 2.

Scroll down to the bottom of the page
to see all of the icons for the
39 clusters of the Yoga Sutras.

Many translations: There are many different English translations of the Yoga Sutras, with each providing a perspective. It can be tempting to look for the single translation that seems "best" compared to the others. However, each translation adds something, and each translation might miss something else. What seems most useful is to read many translations, and then draw from them what you find most useful. The HRIH.net website currently lists 48 English translations of the Yoga Sutras, as well as translations in 33 other languages. Some of the translations are very brief, and others more expanded. Once again, the translation here on SwamiJ.com is an expanded, interpretive translation that is intended to make the practical instructions more clear. If you enjoy this translation, you will also enjoy using other translations as well to complement your understanding and practices.

Acknowledgements: These interpretive translations and descriptions could not happen without the codifying of the Yoga Sutra by the Patanjali lineage, the commentator Vyasa, and the various translations and commentaries of many others, each of whom have contributed something to this mind. Of greatest acknowledgement is the tradition of the Himalayan Masters, who continue to teach and operate through this mind, as instructed by Swami Rama, the one to whom the highest acknowledgement, gratitude, and love is given.

Typographical errors: If you notice any typographical errors or bad links, would you please contact me so that corrections can be made.

Printing this website: It may be tempting to print out the many Yoga Sutra pages on this website, but that is not recommended for the simple reason that you would lose the benefits of the hyperlinks. These links allow you to easily move around throughout the sutras, and that is a great aid in learning. Some of the individual pages might be good to print, such as the Introduction (which you are now reading), Summary, Keys, List, or Chapters. The one page that is most recommended to print out is the Summary page. (To print the Summary page, it is better to reduce the View size in the browser, and to print in Landscape view; then tape the pages together. A printable version of the Summary page is also in the Downloads section of the website.)

Using the search engine: The website itself has a search engine on the home page or any of the Index pages, which can be reached by clicking on any of the links at the top of the pages. While this searches the whole website, you can see in the link address which ones are linked to the Yoga Sutras pages. Just type in the subject you are looking for. If you also type in the words "yoga sutras," in addition to your search term, it should bring you to the appropriate pages.

Yoga Sutras is for teachers: It can be comforting to know that the Yoga Sutra is actually designed for teachers as a guideline in training students. By remembering this orientation, it is easier to see that at the current moment, only portions of the text apply to you personally. The rest can then be allowed to come along the way. While progressing along the path, it is very useful to have a general understanding of the whole process being outlined in the Yoga Sutras.

How to learn the Yoga Sutras: Yoga  has to do with examining ones internal states of consciousness, and clearing out the clouded mind, so that the jewel of the center of consciousness, the Self, can be experienced in its unalloyed purity. There are several compatible parts of the process:

  • Written study: A good deal of effort is needed in going through the written explanations and commentaries on the Yoga Sutras.
  • Oral learning: More importantly, the practical application of the Yoga Sutra needs to be discussed orally with those who are really following and doing the practices themselves.
  • Direct experience: Even more importantly, however, the practices must actually be done to attain the validation of direct experience.
  • Transmission: In the tradition of the Himalayan masters, the higher understanding comes through direct transmission known as shaktipata.

Books and commentaries: There are many books on the Yoga Sutras, which provide different translations and commentaries. Some of these are extremely useful, and some not so useful. For those who are serious about practicing the profound teachings of the Yoga Sutra, it is recommended to have several translations and commentaries at hand. This allows you to go into greater depth when you are trying to work with an individual sutra. There are a handful of recommended books on the Yoga Sutras on this website.

Diversity of opinions: If an art teacher asked a class of ten students to each paint a picture of a vase of flowers, the result would be ten different paintings, which might bear some resemblance to one another, yet would each be unique. The same thing happens when descriptions are written about the practices of the Yoga Sutras, or other such writings. It is important to remember this when reading commentaries, so as to experience them as complementary rather than as contradictory.

Succinct versus Incomplete: In going through the Yoga Sutras, it is extremely useful to note that one of its most wonderful features is that of being succinct. It is an outline of only some 196 sentences, threads, or sutras. It is like the table of contents of an extremely large book, if not encyclopedia. Historically, this outline is used in oral discussion, where the teachings themselves are shared in face-to-face dialogue, usually with people living together in community. With the invention of the printing press, and our recent innovations with computer technology, there are ever more written words. If we are tempted to say that Patanjali is incomplete in his comments, please keep in mind that it comes from oral tradition, where students memorized the entirety of the Yoga Sutras, and that the depth of the information was oral, not written. Viewed in that light, we can see that it is not valid to say that the Yoga Sutras is incomplete, simply because it has the very useful quality of being succinct.

Witnessing the inner world: Yoga is a journey within, exploring and moving through the various levels of our being. There is a paper on the website entitled Witnessing Your Thoughts, which gives practical suggestions on exploring this inner world. Most of the principles and suggestions in that paper are directly related to the Yoga Sutras.

Yoga Sutras is a preliminary step: In the tradition of the Himalayan sages, this ancient, oral yoga system, recorded by Patanjali in the Yoga Sutras is accepted as a preliminary step. Building on that foundation, the Advaita Vedanta system is practiced, particularly relating to the states of waking, dreaming, deep sleep, and the fourth state, turiya. Purely internal tantra is practiced as a means of spiritual awakening and realization. Thus, Yoga, Vedanta, and Tantra work synergistically in philosophy and practice.

Revisions: This collection of web pages on the Yoga Sutra is being routinely revised and improved.

Yoga Sutras Outline:

Yoga Sutras - Chapter 1
Concentration
Samadhi Pada

WHAT IS YOGA? (Yoga Sutras 1.1-1.4)
Yoga Sutra 1.1: Now, after previous preparation, begins yoga
Yoga Sutra 1.2: Yoga is the mastery and integration of the activities of mind
Yoga Sutra 1.3: Then the seer, the Self rests in its true nature
Yoga Sutra 1.4: At other times, it is identified with subtle thoughts

UN-COLORING YOUR THOUGHTS (Yoga Sutras 1.5-1.11)
Yoga Sutras 1.5-1.6: Witnessing 5 kinds of thoughts that are either colored or not-colored
Yoga Sutra 1.7: Three ways to obtain correct knowledge
Yoga Sutras 1.8-1.11: Incorrect knowledge, imagination, sleep, memory

PRACTICE AND NON-ATTACHMENT (Yoga Sutras 1.12-1.16)
Yoga Sutra 1.12: How to master thoughts
Yoga Sutra 1.13: Meaning of practice
Yoga Sutra 1.14: How to make practice firm
Yoga Sutras 1.15-1.16: Non-attachment and supreme non-attachment

TYPES OF CONCENTRATION (Yoga Sutras 1.17-1.18)
Yoga Sutra 1.17: Four levels of concentration
Yoga Sutra 1.18: Objectless concentration is next

EFFORTS AND COMMITMENT (Yoga Sutras 1.19-1.22)
Yoga Sutras 1.19-1.20: Five types of effort needed
Yoga Sutras 1.21-1.22: Choosing one of nine levels of practice

DIRECT ROUTE THROUGH AUM (1.23-1.29)
Yoga Sutras 1.23-1.29: Contemplation on AUM

OBSTACLES AND SOLUTIONS (Yoga Sutras 1.30-1.32)
Yoga Sutras 1.30-1.31: Obstacles on the journey
Yoga Sutra 1.32: Use one-pointedness for the obstacles

STABILIZING AND CLEARING THE MIND (Yoga Sutras 1.33-1.39)
Yoga Sutra 1.33: Four attitudes to cultivate towards other people
Yoga Sutras 1.34-1.38: Five concentrations for stabilizing the mind
Yoga Sutra 1.39: Or, concentration on whatever is pleasant and useful

AFTER STABILIZING THE MIND (Yoga Sutras 1.40-1.51) 
Yoga Sutra 1.40: Ability to focus on infinitely small and large is sign of stability
Yoga Sutra 1.41: Mind becomes clear, like a transparent crystal
Yoga Sutras 1.42-1.46: Types of engrossment with concentration
Yoga Sutras 1.47-1.49: Gaining knowledge filled with higher truth
Yoga Sutra 1.50: Samadhi leaves latent impressions that oppose formation of others
Yoga Sutra 1.51: Then comes objectless samadhi

Yoga Sutras - Chapter 2
Practice
Sadhana Pada

MINIMIZING GROSS COLORING (Yoga Sutras 2.1-2.9)
Yoga Sutras 2.1-2.2: Kriya yoga reduces colored thoughts by three methods
Yoga Sutra 2.3: Five kinds of coloring
Yoga Sutra 2.4: Four stages of coloring
Yoga Sutra 2.5: Four types of ignorance
Yoga Sutras 2.6-2.9: Colorings of I-ness, attraction, aversion, and fear

DEALING WITH SUBTLE THOUGHTS (Yoga Sutras 2.10-2.11)
Yoga Sutra 2.10: Once thoughts are subtle, they are eliminated by dissolution of mind
Yoga Sutra 2.11: When there remains slight coloring of thoughts, it is neutralized by meditation

BREAKING THE ALLIANCE OF KARMA (Yoga Sutras 2.12-2.25)
Yoga Sutras 2.12-2.14: Nature of latent impressions
Yoga Sutra 2.15: A wise one sees even pleasure as painful
Yoga Sutra 2.16: Pain yet to come is to be avoided
Yoga Sutra 2.17: Uniting seer and seen is the cause of the pain to be avoided
Yoga Sutras 2.18-2.22: Nature of those objects
Yoga Sutras 2.23-2.24: Eliminating the alliance with avidya or ignorance, which is the underlying problem
Yoga Sutra 2.25: By reducing this avidya, ignorance, freedom naturally ensues

THE 8 RUNGS AND DISCRIMINATION (Yoga Sutras 2.26-2.29)
Yoga Sutras 2.26-2.27: Discrimination is the central key to enlightenment
Yoga Sutra 2.28: 8 rungs of Yoga are the tool for discrimination
Yoga Sutra 2.29: 8 rungs of Yoga are listed

YAMAS & NIYAMAS, #1-2 (Yoga Sutras 2.30-2.34)
Yoga Sutras 2.30-2.31: The 5 Yamas, rung #1
Yoga Sutra 2.32: The 5 Niyamas, rung #2
Yoga Sutra 2.33: When negative, remind yourself this brings misery and ignorance
Yoga Sutra 2.34: Negativity is 27 types

BENEFITS FROM YAMAS &NIYAMAS (Yoga Sutras 2.35-2.45)
Yoga Sutras 2.35-2.39: Benefits from the 5 Yamas
Yoga Sutras 2.40-2.45: Benefits from the 5 Niyamas

ASANA, #3 OF 8 RUNGS (Yoga Sutras 2.46-2.48)
Yoga Sutras 2.46-2.48: Meditation posture, Asana, is attained by attention on the infinite

PRANAYAMA, #4 OF 8 RUNGS (Yoga Sutras 2.49-2.53)
Yoga Sutras 2.49-2.50: Three aspects of breath
Yoga Sutra 2.51: Fourth pranayama is beyond these
Yoga Sutras 2.52-2.53: This thins the veil of karma over the light

PRATYAHARA, #5 OF 8 RUNGS (Yoga Sutras 2.54-2.55)
Yoga Sutra 2.54: The senses and actions return back into the mind
Yoga Sutra 2.55: Then there is less tendency of the mind towards objects

Yoga Sutras - Chapter 3
Progressing
Vibhuti Pada

DHARANA, DHYANA, SAMADHI, #6, #7, #8 OF 8 RUNGS (Yoga Sutras 3.1-3.3)
Yoga Sutra 3.1: Dharana or concentration is #6
Yoga Sutra 3.2: Dhyana or meditation, #7, comes from repeated concentration
Yoga Sutra 3.3: Samadhi, #8, comes from deep absorption

SAMYAMA IS THE FINER TOOL (Yoga Sutras 3.4-3.6)
Yoga Sutra 3.4: Dharana, dhyana, and samadhi together are Samyama
Yoga Sutra 3.5: Mastery of Samyama brings the light of knowledge
Yoga Sutra 3.6: Apply Samyama to finer planes, states, or stages

INTERNAL IS SEEN TO BE EXTERNAL (Yoga Sutras 3.7-3.8)
Yoga Sutra 3.7: These 3 rungs: are more intimate and internal than the first 5
Yoga Sutra 3.8: Even these 3 are external compared to seedless Samadhi

WITNESSING SUBTLE TRANSITIONS (Yoga Sutras 3.9-3.16)
Yoga Sutras 9-16: Samyama is done on 3 extremely subtle thought transitions

EXPERIENCES FROM SAMYAMA (Yoga Sutras 3.17-3.37)
Yoga Sutra 3.17: Three aspects of an object
Yoga Sutra 3.18: Samyama on samskaras
Yoga Sutras 3.19-3.20: On ideas from others
Yoga Sutras 3.21-3.22: On physical form and senses
Yoga Sutra 3.23: On karma foretells death
Yoga Sutras 3.24-3.25: On attitudes and strength
Yoga Sutras 3.26-3.35: On inner subtleties
Yoga Sutras 3.36-3.37: On pure consciousness

WHAT TO DO WITH EXPERIENCES (Yoga Sutra 3.38)
Yoga Sutra 3.38: They are both attainments and obstacles

MORE FROM SAMYAMA (Yoga Sutras 3.39-3.49)
Yoga Sutra 3.39: Passage to another body
Yoga Sutras 3.40-3.41: Samyama on pranas
Yoga Sutras 3.42-3.43: On space, hearing, and body
Yoga Sutra 3.44: On thought projections
Yoga Sutras 3.45-3.47: On the five elements
Yoga Sutras 3.48-3.49: On senses and actions

RENUNCIATION AND LIBERATION (Yoga Sutras 3.50-3.52)
Yoga Sutra 3.50: Discernment of Buddhi and Purusha brings mastery over all
Yoga Sutra 3.51: Non-attachment to forms and omniscience destroys seeds
Yoga Sutra 3.52: Decline invitations of celestials

HIGHER DISCRIMINATION (Yoga Sutras 3.53-3.56)
Yoga Sutra 3.53: Moments and succession
Yoga Sutra 3.54: Discriminating similar objects
Yoga Sutra 3.55: Higher knowledge is intuitive and born from discrimination
Yoga Sutra 3.56: Equality between Buddhi and Purusha brings liberation

Yoga Sutras - Chapter 4
Liberation
Kaivalya Pada

MEANS OF ATTAINING EXPERIENCE (Yoga Sutras 4.1-4.3)
Yoga Sutra 4.1: Five means of subtler attainment
Yoga Sutra 4.2: Transitions involve filling in
Yoga Sutra 4.3: Removal of obstacles brings results

EMERGENCE AND MASTERY OF MIND (Yoga Sutras 4.4-4.6)
Yoga Sutras 4.4-4.6: Construct and use of mind

ACTIONS AND KARMA (Yoga Sutras 4.7-4.8)
Yoga Sutra 4.7: Kinds of actions
Yoga Sutra 4.8: Subconscious manifests

SUBCONSCIOUS IMPRESSIONS (Yoga Sutras 4.9-4.12)
Yoga Sutra 4.9: Memory and latent impressions
Yoga Sutra 4.10: Desire for self preservation
Yoga Sutra 4.11: Disappearance of cause, motive, and substratum
Yoga Sutra 4.12: Past and future are present in fundamental form

OBJECTS AND THE 3 GUNAS (Yoga Sutras 4.13-4.14)
Yoga Sutra 4.13: Characteristics made of gunas
Yoga Sutra 4.14: Objects appear as a unit

MIND PERCEIVING OBJECTS (Yoga Sutras 4.15-4.17)
Yoga Sutra 4.15: Separate minds and paths
Yoga Sutra 4.16: Object is not dependent on one mind
Yoga Sutra 4.17: Objects known by coloring

ILLUMINATION OF THE MIND (Yoga Sutras 4.18-4.21)
Yoga Sutra 4.18: Thoughts are known by purusha
Yoga Sutra 4.19: Mind not self illuminating
Yoga Sutra 4.20: Mind and objects cannot be cognized simultaneously
Yoga Sutra 4.21: One mind does not illumine another

BUDDHI AND LIBERATION (Yoga Sutras 4.22-4.26)
Yoga Sutra 4.22: Consciousness and buddhi
Yoga Sutras 4.23-4.24: Seer and mind
Yoga Sutra 4.25: Inquiries about self cease
Yoga Sutra 4.26: Discrimination and liberation

BREACHES IN ENLIGHTENMENT (Yoga Sutras 4.27-4.28)
Yoga Sutra 4.27: Breaks in enlightenment allow colorings to arise
Yoga Sutra 4.28: Colorings are dealt with as before

PERPETUAL ENLIGHTENMENT (Yoga Sutras 4.29-4.30)
Yoga Sutra 4.29: Rain cloud of virtues comes
Yoga Sutra 4.30: Actions and colorings are removed

KNOWABLES BECOME FEW (Yoga Sutra 4.31)
Yoga Sutra 4.31: There is little to know

GUNAS AFTER LIBERATION (Yoga Sutras 4.32-4.34)
Yoga Sutra 4.32: Succession of change ends
Yoga Sutra 4.33: Succession defined
Yoga Sutra 4.34: Gunas resolve into their cause

 

Visual placement of the Yoga Sutras

Mind can often learn more easily with visual reference. Click on the picture to go to that section of the discussions. Experiment with this, coming to this visual page, exploring by clicking and reading. Gradually, the mind remembers the location of the topics in the Yoga Sutras, making it easier to find principles and in the written texts.
 

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.1-1.4; What is Yoga?

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.5-1.11; Uncoloring your thoughts

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.12-1.16; Practice and Non-Attachment

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.17-1.18; Types of concentration

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.19-1.22; Efforts and commitment

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.23-1.29; Direct route through AUM

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.30-1.32; Obstacles and solutions

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.33-1.39; Stabilizing and clearing the mind

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 1.40-1.51; After stabilizing the mind

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.1-2.9; Minimizing gross coloring

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.10-2.11; Dealing with subtle thoughts

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.12-2.25; Breaking the alliance of karma

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.26-2.29; The eight rungs and discrimination

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.30-2.34; Yamas and Niyamas, Rungs 1 and 2 of the eight rungs

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.35-2.45; Benefits from the Yamas and Niyamas

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.46-2.48; Asana, Rung three of the eight rungs

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.49-2.53; Pranayama, Rung four of the eight rungs

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 2.54-2.55; Pratyahara, Rung five of the eight rungs

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.1-3.3; Dharana, dhyana, and samadhi, Rungs six, seven, and eight of the eight rungs

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.4-3.6; Samyama is the finer tool

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.7-3.8; Internal is seen to be external

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.9-3.16; Witnessing subtle transitions

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.17-3.37; Experiences from Samyama

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutra 3.38; What to do with experiences

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.39-3.49; More experiences from Samyama

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.50-3.52; Renunciation and liberation

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 3.53-3.56; Higher discrimination

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.1-4.3; Means of attaining experience

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.4-4.6; Emergence and mastery of mind

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.7-4.8; Actions and karma

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.9-4.12; Subconscious impressions

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.13-4.14; Objects and the three gunas

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.15-4.17; Mind perceiving objects

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.18-4.21; Illumination of the mind

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.22-4.26; Buddhi and liberation

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.27-4.28; Breaches in enlightenment

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.29-4.30; Perpetual enlightenment

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutra 4.31; Knowables become few

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: Link to Sutras 4.32-4.34; Gunas after liberation

Yoga Nidra Meditation CD by Swami Jnaneshvara Yoga Nidra is a deep practice that leads one through many levels of mental process to a state of supreme stillness that is very beneficial for inner integration.
Yoga Nidra CD from SwamiJ.com

 

 
Traditional Yoga
Distance Learning with
Georg Feuerstein, PhD

 

 

Yoga Sutras links: HRIH, Swami Harihananda, Rama Prasada, Swami Venkatesananda
Realization.org
, Swami Krishnananda, Yoga Anand, William Q. Judge 

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This site is devoted to presenting the ancient Self-Realization path of the Tradition of the Himalayan masters in simple, understandable and beneficial ways, while not compromising quality or depth. The goal of our sadhana or practices is the highest Joy that comes from the Realization in direct experience of the center of consciousness, the Self, the Atman or Purusha, which is one and the same with the Absolute Reality. This Self-Realization comes through Yoga meditation of the Yoga Sutras, the contemplative insight of Advaita Vedanta, and the intense devotion of Samaya Sri Vidya Tantra, the three of which complement one another like fingers on a hand. We employ the classical approaches of Raja, Jnana, Karma, and Bhakti Yoga, as well as Hatha, Kriya, Kundalini, Laya, Mantra, Nada, Siddha, and Tantra Yoga. Meditation, contemplation, mantra and prayer finally converge into a unified force directed towards the final stage, piercing the pearl of wisdom called bindu, leading to the Absolute.